The majority of people in the world frequently consume dairy products-more than 80%. More and more people are urging us to switch from animal-based food systems to more environmentally friendly ones.

No cows or other animals are needed to produce synthetic milk. It may have the same biochemical composition as animal milk, but it is manufactured using a cutting-edge biotechnology method called "precision fermentation" which creates biomass from cells.

Dairy milk is available in synthetic forms without having to worry about methane emissions or animal welfare. But for it to be a just, sustainable, and practical replacement for milk derived from animals, it must overcome several obstacles and difficulties.

Plant-based milks and, potentially, synthetic milks have emerged as a major disruptor.

Unlike synthetic meat, which struggles to match the richness and texture of animal meat, synthetic milk is marketed as having the same flavor, look, and feel as regular dairy milk.

And yet, synthetic milk already exists. The Perfect Day company sells microflora-based, animal-free protein in the US, which is subsequently used to produce milk, protein powder, and ice cream.

Synthetic milk is being developed in Australia by the startup company Eden Brew in Werribee, Victoria. The business aims to appeal to consumers who are becoming more and more worried about climate change, particularly the role that methane from dairy cows plays.

The technology behind the Eden Brew product was supposedly developed by CSIRO. The same proteins found in cow milk are produced through a method called "precision fermentation" that begins with yeast.

According to CSIRO, these proteins offer milk many of its essential qualities and help explain its creamy texture and capacity for foaming. The finished product is made by combining the protein basis with flavors, sweeteners, and other additives.

Before it poses a serious threat to dairy products derived from animals, the synthetic milk market must expand tremendously. A significant amount of money will be needed for this, as well as investments in research and development and new manufacturing equipment such as fermentation tanks and bioreactors.

We must take precautions to prevent reproducing current disparities in the current food system as synthetic milk grows in popularity in the future years. And the conventional dairy industry has to understand that a significant shift is about to occur. It should maximize the social advantages of animal-based dairy while minimizing its impact on climate change in the face of numerous threats.